|2015 Homeschool History Fair of the Ozarks||
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September 29, 1975: WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, became the world's first black-owned-and-operated television station. Amyre Porter, Doug Morrison and Sharon Crews became the nation's first African-American primetime news team. This station, which would adopt the CBS affiliation in 1994 and was subsequently sold to CBS in 1995 and re-called WWJ-TV.
September 30, 1791: The first performance of The Magic Flute, the last opera by Mozart to made its debut, took place at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria. Mozart conducted the orchestra, Schikaneder himself played Papageno, while the role of the Queen of the Night was sung by Mozart's sister-in-law Josepha Hofer. On the reception of the opera, Mozart scholar Maynard Solomon writes, "Although there were no reviews of the first performances, it was immediately evident that Mozart and Schikaneder had achieved a great success, the opera drawing immense crowds and reaching hundreds of performances during the 1790s." The success of The Magic Flute lifted the spirits of its composer, who had fallen ill while in Prague a few weeks before.
October 1, 1843: The News of the World tabloid began publication in London by John Browne Bell. Priced at three pence (equal to £1.04 today), even before the repeal of the Stamp Act (1855) or paper duty (1861), it was the cheapest newspaper of its time and was aimed directly at the newly literate working classes. It quickly established itself as a purveyor of titillation, shock, and criminal news. In 1969, it was purchased by Rupert Murdoch's media firm News Limited. Reorganized into News International, itself a subsidiary of News Corporation, it was transformed into a tabloid in 1984, and became the Sunday sister paper of The Sun. The News of the World closed in July of 2011, as it was engulfed in phone hacking and corruption allegations.
October 2, 1950: Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz was first published. The strip is the most popular and influential in the history of the comic strip, with 17,897 strips published in all, making it "arguably the longest story ever told by one human being", according to Robert Thompson of Syracuse University. At its peak, Peanuts ran in over 2,600 newspapers, with a readership of 355 million in 75 countries, and was translated into 21 languages. It helped to cement the four-panel gag strip as the standard in the United States, and together with its merchandise earned Schulz more than $1 billion. Reprints of the strip are still syndicated and run in almost every U.S. newspaper.
October 3, 1951: The "Shot Heard 'Round the World," one of the greatest moments in Major League Baseball history, occurs when the New York Giants' Bobby Thomson hits a game winning home run in the bottom of the ninth inning off of the Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca, to win the National League pennant after being down 14 games.
October 4, 1965: Becoming the first Pope to ever visit the United States of America and the Western hemisphere, Pope Paul VI arrives d in New York. His visit coincided with the escalation of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War under President Johnson. Paul VI pleaded for peace before the UN, "Our very brief visit has given us a great honour; that of proclaiming to the whole world, from the Headquarters of the United Nations, Peace! We shall never forget this extraordinary hour. Nor can We bring it to a more fitting conclusion than by expressing the wish that this central seat of human relationships for the civil peace of the world may ever be conscious and worthy of this high privilege. No more war, never again war. Peace, it is peace that must guide the destinies of people and of all mankind."
October 5, 1968: Police batoned civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland – considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles. Over 100 people were injured, including a number of MPs. The incident was filmed by news crews and shown around the world. It caused outrage in the Catholic and nationalist community, sparking two days of rioting in Derry between nationalists and the Royal Ulster Constabulary.